TEHRAN (Shana) -- Until eight years ago, everyone was worried about incomplete petrochemical projects. But today, the same projects are offering a variety of petrochemicals, which largely contribute to the Iranian economy. The accelerated development of petrochemical projects under the 11th and the 12th administrations resulted in the development of a large number of products.
Until eight years ago, everyone was worried about incomplete petrochemical projects. But today, the same projects are offering a variety of petrochemicals, which largely contribute to the Iranian economy. The accelerated development of petrochemical projects under the 11th and the 12th administrations resulted in the development of a large number of products. Iran raised its annual petrochemical production capacity to 54 million tonnes last March, while the number of petrochemicals manufactured in Iran has reached 123. More importantly, over the past five years, a total of 15 petrochemical projects came on-stream, which we briefly review here.
Ilam Petrochemical Plant
Phase I of Ilam Petrochemical Plant was inaugurated in 2014 during a provincial tour by President Hassan Rouhani. The project came online with a capacity of 300,000 tonnes. The investment made in the project stood at $442 million with its output valued at $388 million. The Ilam plant remains a major industrial project in Iran, equipped with ethylene, high-density polyethylene, feedstock desulfurization and all utilities units. Creation of job in the province, optimal use of refined gas products and their conversion to petrochemicals of high value-added have been among objectives of implementation of this project.
Lorestan Petrochemical Plant
Lorestan Petrochemical Plant was inaugurated by Iran's first vice-president in April 2016 with an annual production capacity of 330,000 tonnes of low-density linear polyethylene (LDLP) and high-density linear polyethylene (HDLP).
Located on a 130-ha land, the Lorestan plant is fed by 234,000 tonnes a year of feedstock supplied by the West Ethylene Pipeline. This project was inaugurated with an initial capital of $300 million with the value of its products standing at $329 million.
Urmia Petrochemical Plant Sulfuric Acid Unit
The Urmia petrochemical plant was inaugurated by President Rouhani in May 2016. The sulfuric acid unit of this petrochemical plant has an annual production capacity of 50,000 tonnes. The investment made in this project was $10 million with its production valued at $4 million. Due to allotment of human resources and utilities, it would be possible for the plant to boost production capacity.
Mahabad Petchem Plant
Mahabad Petchem Plant was officially inaugurated by President Rouhani in May 2016. The idea behind this project was to develop petrochemical products in Iran, create jobs and develop petrochemical exports, make optimal use of gas resources in Iran and generate value-added from national assets in partnership with Iran's National Petrochemical Company and private investment. The Mahabad plant is among the 12 petrochemical projects located along the West Ethylene Pipeline. The investment made in this project stands at $388 million with the value of its output estimated at $329 million.
Marvdasht Petchem Plant
Shohada-ye Marvdasht Petrochemical Plant was inaugurated by Iran's first vice-president in July 2016 with an initial investment of $627 million. It was designed by Petrochemical Industries Design and Engineering Company (PIDEC) with technologies provided by Switzerland's Casale SA and Japan's Toyo. Iranian engineers handled detailed design, purchase engineering, implementation, pre-commissioning and commissioning.
The project created 500 direct jobs and 4,000 to 5,000 indirect jobs. The value of its product is estimated at $264 million.
Takht Jamshid SBR/PBR Unit
The Takht Jamshid SBR/PBR Unit was inaugurated by Iran's first vice-president in February 2017. Takht Jamshid Petrochemical Company is located in Site 2 of the Special Economic Petrochemical Zone. In Phase 1, the project will be supplying 45,000 tonnes of SBR and PBR. The PBR unit, with a capacity of 35,000 tonnes a year, created 700 jobs throughout construction and 200 jobs during operation. The products of this unit are used as raw material for rubber industry. The Petrochemical Commercial Company has indigenized PBR production technology. TJPC incorporates an SBR production unit with a capacity of 30,000 tonnes a year and a PBR production unit with an annual capacity of 18,000 tonnes. The technologies used in this facility are Goodyear for SBR and Goodrich for PBR.
Karoun Petchem Plant
Phase 2 of Karoun Petchem Plant was inaugurated with the commissioning of the methylene diphenyl diisocyanate (MDI) unit with an annual capacity of 40,000 tonnes by Iran's first vice president in February 2017. Phase 2 of Karoun Petchem Plant has five units. It has cost $407 million with its products valued at $116 million.
Kurdistan Petchem Plant
Kurdistan Petchem Plant is one of 12 petrochemical projects lying in the category of resilient economy. It has had a big share in industrial development, creation of value-added and job creation in western and northwestern Iran. It was inaugurated in April 2017 by President Rouhani. A total of $378 million was invested in this project. Construction of the petrochemical plant started in 2005, but it faced a six-year halt before being resumed in 2011. The products of the Kurdistan plant are used as feedstock for downstream units, and in the production of polyethylene films, polyethylene foams, wire and cable coating and plastic materials.
Morvarid Petchem Plant's MEG Unit
The MEG unit of Morvarid Petchem Plant was inaugurated by President Rouhani in April 2017 with a view to producing ethylene glycol in different grades. This unit was designed and built to produce 554,000 tonnes a year of products. The main feedstock for this unit are 340,000 tonnes a year of ethylene supplied by the olefin unit of Morvarid Petrochemical Plant, and 368,000 tonnes a year of oxygen to produce 554,000 tonnes of ethylene glycol a year. The initial investment made in this project stood at $300 million, while 90% of equipment used in the MEG unit is domestically manufactured. The MEG unit's products are monoethylene glycol (MEG), diethylene glycol (DEG) and triethylene glycol (TEG).
Phase 2 of Kavian Petchem Plant
Phase 2 of Kavian Petchem Plant, known as the largest producer of ethylene in the Middle East, has an annual production capacity of over one million tonnes of ethylene. It was inaugurated in April 2017 with an initial investment of $313 million. Construction of the project started in 2006. Phase 1 became operational in 2012. The products of this plant are valued at $929 million.
Entekhab Industrial Group's Polystyrene Unit
The polystyrene unit of the Entekhab Industrial Group which has production capacity of 250,000 tonnes a year of polystyrene was inaugurated in April 2017 by President Rouhani. A total of $200 million was invested in this project. Technical knowhow provided by Norway and Germany has been used in this project whose output is estimated to be valued at $326 million.
Takht Jamshid Pars Petchem Plant's Polystyrene Unit
The Polystyrene Unit of Takht Jamshid Pars Petchem Plant was inaugurated by President Rouhani in April 2017. The construction of Takht Jamshid Pars Petchem Plant began in early 2015 with the objective of producing 65,000 tonnes a year of polystyrene products. The investment made in this project stands at $70 million with the products valued at $69 million.
Polystyrene is a synthetic aromatic hydrocarbon polymer made from the monomer styrene. Polystyrene can be solid or foamed. General-purpose polystyrene is clear, rigid, and rather brittle. It is an inexpensive resin per unit weight. It is a rather poor barrier to oxygen and water vapor and has a relatively low melting point. Polystyrene is one of the most widely used plastics, the scale of its production being several million tonnes per year. Polystyrene can be naturally transparent, but can be colored with colorants. Usages include protective packaging (such as packing peanuts and CD and DVD cases), containers (such as "clamshells"), lids, bottles, trays, tumblers, disposable cutlery and in the making of models.
Phase 3 of Pardis Petchem Plant
Phase 3 of Pardis Petrochemical Plant was inaugurated by President Rouhani in September with an annual production capacity of 1.75 million tonnes of urea and ammonia. The project, which was started in 2011, has cost $582 million. Phase 3 is estimated to bring its urea production to 522,000 tonnes, which would account for 70% of the target for this project.
Marjan Petchem Plant's Methanol Unit
The methanol unit of Marjan Petrochemical Plant has a production capacity of 1.65 million tonnes a year. The project was inaugurated by President Rouhani. During operation, it will create 250 job opportunities. The investment made in this project stands at $914 million with the products valued at $577 million a year.
Damavand Power Plant
The Damavand Power Plant was built to supply electricity to 24 petrochemical plants located in Phase 2 of the Pars Special Economic Energy Zone (PSEEZ). The initial investment made in this project stood at $366 million. This unit is currently supplying electricity to the Mehr, Morvarid, Kavian, Entekhab, Takht Jamshid, Marjan and Bushehr plants as well as compressed air separation unit among others. Equipped with two main boilers and an auxiliary boiler, the Damavand Power Plant is currently producing 780 tonnes an hour of vapor which is fed into the Mehr, Morvarid, Kavian and Marjan petrochemical plants. In the future, plants under construction in Phase 2 will be supplied with vapor from this power plant.
The Damavand project was inaugurated by President Rouhani.
Pasargad Energy Development Co. (PEDC) is an independent energy company based in Iran. PEDC is an integrated energy company whose activities span the entire value chain including exploration, production, refining, petrochemicals marketing, power generation & renewables as well as new high-tech venture capitalizing. Our headquarter is located in Tehran. PEDC is present across the Iranian continental shelf and international market through its subsidiaries. We create value for our shareholders through active investment, high-level monitoring of our projects, building world-class partnership and managing our risks effectively and making balanced portfolio. Meantime, we contribute to the sustainable development of the energy sector and communities in our country. PEDC’s competitiveness relies upon our values-based performance culture, with a strong commitment to transparency, cooperation and continuous operational improvement. As a wholly owned subsidiary of the Pasargad Financial Group, with Pasargad Bank being a distinctive shareholder, we owe our success to our experience, management knowledge and strong local/international partnerships since 2008. PEDC is committed to maintaining sustainability and being recognized as the strategic partner of choice in Iran’s energy and petrochemical sector.