Big environmental challenges are one of the main barriers and serious threats in the path of sustainable development in today's world. In fact, achieving sustainable development is not possible without paying attention to and solving these environmental challenges. Accordingly, it is necessary to pay special attention to environmental challenges. Challenges such as climate change and global warming, depletion of the ozone layer, deforestation, reduction of biological diversity, waste, and acid rain, some of which have similar origins or effects, are all caused by unbalanced development in the past centuries.
And now they have become a threat for the development and sustainable life of human being. Many of these challenges are rooted in the way humans use natural resources, including fossil fuels On this basis, it is necessary for companies, institutions, and in charge of energy supply all over the world, to review their policies for immediate correction of approaches and also the development of sustainability concepts in energy supply, transmission, and consumption, to play a constructive role.